Germany’s ‘Dual Strategy’ to Help Saudi Arabia’s Autocratic Regime

Members of the Saudi security forces take part in a special parade on Aug. 4, 2019.
ABDEL GHANI BASHIR/AFP via Getty Images

Germany’s ‘Dual Strategy’ to Help Saudi Arabia’s Autocratic Regime

Saudi Arabia’s government hasn’t changed; neither has Germany’s relationship with it.

In January, Germany’s federal police resumed training Saudi Arabian security forces. After the murder of journalist Jamal Kashoggi, the German government suspended the police cooperation, which started in 2009. Human rights violations continue unstopped in Saudi Arabia, but Germany upholds relations with the Saudis. Why?

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is suspected to have orchestrated the murder of Kashoggi. Although the regime has neither admitted to the murder nor allowed insight into the investigations, Germany is loosening its sanctions.

In January, eight police trainers returned to Saudi Arabia to train border guards. Five other German officials are coordinating the mission from a project office in Riyadh.

“As early as June 2012, the ard magazine Fact reported that Saudi intelligence officers were sometimes present in the training measures,” German-Foreign-Policy.com noted. “Religious police officers are also involved. Under the guidance of federal police officers, they not only practice the operation of assault rifles—Riyadh has a license to build the German G3 and G36 types—but also how to ‘deal with so-called large scale operations such as demonstrations.’ So far, mass demonstrations have not been part of everyday life on the Saudi-Iraqi desert border.” This training obviously goes beyond training soldiers for border control.

Germany criticizes Saudi Arabia for not upholding Europe’s human rights values. Despite that, it continues doing business with Saudi Arabia. Spiegel Online noted:

The federal government has been pursuing a dual strategy for dealing with Saudi Arabia for years. Berlin repeatedly criticizes the desert state for the precarious human rights situation or for the retention of the death penalty.

At the same time, Riyadh is seen by the security authorities as an important cooperation partner in the fight against terrorism, and the German government does not want to completely abandon the strategic partnership with Saudi Arabia.

The reason Germany doesn’t want to abandon its strategic partnership with Saudi Arabia is far more important than most realize. Saudi Arabia is one of the strongest opponents to Iran’s dominance in the Middle East. Germany depends on Saudi Arabia to not only prevent the further spread of terrorism but also protect sea routes, oil supplies and various other interests in the region.

However, the strategic partnership is also prophesied. A prophecy in Psalm 83 describes “Assyria”—modern-day Germany—allying with a group of Middle Eastern powers. In “A Mysterious Prophecy,” Trumpet editor in chief Gerald Flurry wrote:

“For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes; Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre [Lebanon]; Assur [Assyria or Germany] also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah” (Psalm 83:5-8). Here are the modern names of these nations, as taught at Ambassador College under Herbert W. Armstrong: Edom—Turkey; Ishmaelites—Saudi Arabia; Moab—Jordan; Hagarenes—anciently dwelt in the land known as Syria today; Gebal—Lebanon; Ammon—also Jordan. (We cannot be extremely precise in this understanding, but it gives a good general idea of where these nations are today.)

Remember this: God inspired these names to be included in the Bible so we could know who they are and how this prophecy would unfold today! We are commanded to live by “every word” of God. If we can’t understand who these nations are, we can’t understand the 83rd Psalm. God expects us to understand!

We are seeing this prophecy be fulfilled with absolute accuracy. While we can expect Saudi Arabia’s autocratic regime to continue, we can also expect Germany to uphold its relations with the regime. Together, they are prophesied to confront Iran militarily. Germany may back off from its relations with Saudi Arabia for a time, but it will not break that relationship entirely—and in the long run, it will only grow stronger.

In “A Mysterious Prophecy,” Mr. Flurry explained in detail where this alliance is leading. If you want to understand these prophecies in even greater detail and understand why God recorded them, request a free copy of The King of the South, by Gerald Flurry, which includes this chapter on the Psalm 83 alliance, and much more.

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Liberté, Égalité, and Down With Muslims!

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Germany Sails, Leaderless, Into the Storm

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Germany Sails, Leaderless, Into the Storm

As Germany struggles to navigate some of its biggest challenges in its postwar history, it is essentially leaderless.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has already announced she will not stand in another election—meaning she’ll be out of her job by the end of next year. Today, her chosen successor quit.

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer became the leader of Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (cdu) in December 2018. As leader of Germany’s most popular political party, she was the most likely candidate for Germany’s next chancellor. Until today.

Kramp-Karrenbauer became a casualty of the political earthquake that struck Germany last week.

Last Wednesday, for the first time in Germany’s postwar history, a far-right party played a role in forming a government in Germany. Merkel’s cdu worked with the far-right Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) to elect a candidate from a third, moderately right-wing party, in the state of Thuringia.

After that taboo was broken, it’s no longer just the Trumpet warning about the parallels with the rise of the Nazis. Thuringia is where the Nazis first gained power in 1930. The dam is cracking in exactly the same place it did before.

The backlash was immediate. Ms. Merkel was very critical of her own party’s role in the debacle. The newly elected state premier resigned after about a day in office.

But the taboo still stands broken. Kramp-Karrenbauer’s career was damaged beyond repair. And Germany now stands leaderless.

Kramp-Karrenbauer came under attack for not stopping the deal with the far right. She was party leader—had she lost control of her own party? She was also accused of not speaking out forcefully enough against the AfD.

Germans were already disappointed with her tenure in office. And so, today, she announced that she would not stand as a candidate for Germany’s chancellor, and that she would resign as party leader—to be replaced in the summer.

Germany is in crisis. Its future as a democracy is in doubt. As Spiegel Online wrote on Friday, the events of last week were “a sign of the gradual decay of German democracy, even if a worst-case scenario appears to have been averted.”

“Every new attrition chips away at our democratic system,” it wrote. “To stop this, what happened in Thuringia must be seen as a warning shot, a harbinger.”

This is not the only storm looming on Germany’s horizon. The migrant crisis has created tensions that still haven’t be solved—and it could break out with each new crisis in the Middle East. Germany’s manufacturing sector is suffering its largest decline in orders in a decade. Many fear the economy could easily tilt into recession. All of Europe has not yet solved the problems exposed by the 2008 financial crisis. Another financial crisis would be a storm of hurricane-force proportions.

Who can Germans look to to guide them through the storms? Germany’s largest party has no leader and is not planning to have a leader until the summer. Germans aren’t particularly enthusiastic about any of the candidates. The nation’s main left-wing party doesn’t have a leader—it has two: a man and a woman, neither of whom are particularly prominent.

I don’t think there’s any time in recent history where Germans have been more worried about their political situation. And at the same time, I can’t think of any time in recent German history where there has been a bigger leadership vacuum.

Germans aren’t used to this kind of instability. Since World War ii, Germany has had nine chancellors. Comparatively, Britain has had 16 prime ministers, and Italy has had over 30.

As this leadership crisis was developing in 2016, theTrumpet.com managing editor Brad Macdonald wrote: “This is a potentially dangerous scenario. Politics abhors a vacuum. The greater the number and intensity of the crises, the stronger the desire for someone with real solutions. This is exactly the scenario that facilitated the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.”

Anyone familiar with the Trumpet’s message will recognize the situation we’re in right now. One of the biggest predictions we’ve made—based on Bible prophecy—is the rise of a German strongman.

The Bible forecasts this strongman. And it has a lot of specifics about how he will come to power.

Daniel 11:21 tells us to watch for the arrival of “a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.” The Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentary writes about this verse that “the nation shall not, by a public act, confer the kingdom on him, but he shall obtain it by artifice, ‘flattering.’” He doesn’t come to power in a normal election process.

With Germans desperate for a strong leader, and none on the horizon, circumstances are almost perfect for someone to come into power in an unorthodox way. What happens if there’s some kind of crisis between now and summer, and Ms. Merkel is forced to step down? Germany’s top two leaders are both lame ducks.

Trumpet editor in chief Gerald Flurry showed just how many specifics the Bible gives us about this coming strongman in the cover article for the January issue of the Trumpet magazine. He explained that this strongman “will somehow manipulate the political system to effectively hijack Germany and, by extension, Europe.”

“Knowing that such political intrigue will occur makes the bureaucratic turmoil in Berlin important to watch,” he wrote. “The government is shaky, the need for strong leadership is clear—but the path to achieve it is unknown. This prophesied leader may well exploit this frustration and confusion by rallying a coalition behind him and vaunting himself to power. … Look at the public resentment and anger in Germany and Europe. The opportunity is growing ripe for someone to take power by flatteries!”

The events of last week show that opportunity is riper than ever.

Germany has the potential to be a major, even a military, power. “For now, though, the nation lacks a leader willing” to take the steps necessary, wrote Mr. Flurry. “This will change overnight when a strongman gets control! Germany’s transformation under Adolf Hitler in the 1930s, dramatic as it was, will not even compare to what is coming!”

This strongman could come to power very fast, and he will change your world. You need to understand what the Bible says about him.

If you’ve not done so already, please read Mr. Flurry’s January cover article: “Is KT zu Guttenberg About to Come to Power?” It will give you the biblical truth you need to understand events in Germany. More importantly, it will show how these events directly connect to your own life.

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Russia Is Upgrading Its Nuclear Weapons

Russia’s Iskander-M launcher fires a missile during the “Tsentr-2019” military exercise, at the Sary-Shagan training ground.
Photo by Russian Defence Ministry\TASS via Getty Images

Russia Is Upgrading Its Nuclear Weapons

And frightening Europe

Russia is replacing older nuclear technology with newer and deadlier options in a trend that the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace said on January 29 has Europe “very concerned.”

While Russian President Vladimir Putin has bragged about its intercontinental Burevestnik nuclear propelled missile, all of its tests in 2019 ended in failure. Europe is more worried about Russia’s nuclear modernization program that revolves more around weapons that can threaten European soil.

As of December 2018, Russia had produced at least 100 ssc-8 intermediate range, ground-launched cruise missiles. European leaders rose in near unison to decry this as a violation of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. If deployed in the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad, which supports both conventional and nuclear weapons, the ssc-8’s range would include all of Europe’s nato nations.

Military facilities in Crimea are also being upgraded, including a new focus on basing sites for Russia’s nuclear-capable Iskander missiles. Designated “a highly accurate modern missile that is capable of launching either nuclear or conventional warheads,” the Iskander is a premier 21st-century weapon of war. Crimea is being prepared to house this missile, designed specifically to replace the now obsolete Tochka system by the end of the year.

Carnegie Endowment commented on these developments (emphasis added):

If Russia brings nuclear weapons into Crimea, it will spark complex political, legal and moral problems. The world community has largely held firm in condemning Russia’s seizure of Crimea and considers Crimea to be Ukrainian territory. Should Russia bring nuclear weapons to Crimea, it will be violating the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (npt) in a fundamental manner, for Ukraine is a non-nuclear weapon state under the npt. Russia in this case would be behaving in a manner no better than North Korea.

Russia began constructing nuclear weapons bases after it annexed Crimea in 2014. Trumpet editor in chief Gerald Flurry pointed out that the Crimean crisis would have a major impact on Europe. He wrote that Russian aggression had sparked fear in the heart of Europe, and that fear would result in a reaction that will trigger World War iii.

Mr. Flurry wrote that fear of Russia will “cause 10 leaders in Europe to unite in a sudden and dramatic way” as the only way to safeguard against an aggressive and dangerous Russia. These 10 European leaders are “a resurrection of the Holy Roman Empire,” biblically identified as “the king of the north” in Daniel 11.

Daniel 11:40-41 prophesies about the king of the north coming against the king of the south “like a whirlwind.” The king of the north is united Europe, and the king of the south is radical Islam led by Iran (for more on this, request our free booklet The King of the South).

Europe is prophesied to win this war against the king of the south. However, this clash will trigger other events. Notice verses 44-45: “But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.”

Mr. Flurry commented on these verses:

… Russia will ally with China and other Asian nations. They know that they are next on Europe’s hit list—the world’s new number one superpower, which likes to attack without warning. Germany has a history of such treachery—and Germany leads the EU. That is the ideal way to win nuclear wars. So Russia and China will gather their armies on the borders of Europe. This move will make Europe intensely nervous! So much so that they will attack Russia and China. …

The “tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him”—united Europe. That means the frightening news comes from the northeast. Look on any world map and see who is located northeast of Europe—Russia and China, which will soon unite.

We can see Europe being “troubled” right now! Russia’s aggressive nuclear advancements are setting off a chain reaction prophesied in your Bible. Very soon we are going to see Europe unite and these dramatic prophecies fulfilled in their totality. To fully understand these prophecies and where they are leading, read our article “The Crimean Crisis Is Reshaping Europe!” by Gerald Flurry.

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World More Divided on Democracy Than Ever

Members of the activist groups March for Truth and Rise and Resist take to the streets in Times Square, holding signs and banners, and chanting, “Nobody is above the law.”
Erik McGregor/LightRocket via Getty Images

World More Divided on Democracy Than Ever

America and Europe are approaching a political turning point.

Satisfaction with democracy is at an all-time low around the world, a Cambridge study published in January has shown. This growing trend is going to transform the world—especially America and Europe.

“Across the globe, democracy is in a state of deep malaise,” said the report. It found that dissatisfaction with democracy is highest in developed nations, the same places that have been exposed to it the most.

In the early 1990s, the majority of people in North American, European and Asian democracies were satisfied by how the system worked. But since 1995, average global dissatisfaction has risen from 47.9 percent to 57.5 percent on average. Whereas many Asian democracies have remained committed to democracy, Europe and the Americas are seeing concerning declines.

This data shows the highest level of dissatisfaction since record-keeping began in 1995. 2005 was also a turning point: Democracy reached its high point. Dissatisfaction was only 38.7 percent that year. However, from 2005 on, a decline set in.

Europe is particularly divided. It is home to both the world’s least satisfied and most satisfied democracies. A few nations, such as Norway and Switzerland, rank as highly content with democracy. There, income is generally high and society has been more insulated from major economic and geopolitical shocks.

In many European nations, especially France and Spain, discontentment with democracy has continued to grow, even as the nation recovered from the 2008 economic crisis. “It is likely that, beyond personal feelings of economic dissatisfaction, the crisis has brought forward a broader sense of political discontent that is tied to economic sovereignty, national pride, and anger over the use of public resources,” stated the report.

Economics has always been a major influence on the popularity of a government. Right now, the Continent is splitting. The report stated, “Europe’s average level of satisfaction masks a large and growing divide within the Continent, between a ‘zone of despair’ across France and southern Europe, and a ‘zone of complacency’ across Western Germany, Scandinavia and the Netherlands.”

Democracy has died in Europe during times of crisis. At the start of the 1930s, the Great Depression generated anger toward Chancellor Heinrich Brüning’s government. At that time, “the basis of democracy was disintegrating in Germany against the background of 5 million unemployed and a host of unmitigated economic woes,” writes John Cornwell in Hitler’s Pope. Ultimately, this led to the fall of Brüning on May 29, 1932. By 1933, violence between Communists and Nazis created a pretext for the Nazi party to invoke martial law. The final blow to democracy came with the Reichstag fire of Feb. 27, 1933. This gave Hitler an excuse to pass the Enabling Act less than a month later, in late March. Hitler gained dictatorial powers and Germany was firmly set on the course of war.

Democracy faces similar threats today. A European financial crisis would drive many voters into the arms of alternative parties and make Europe unite around a strong German leader, as the economic and political crises of the 1930s did for Germany. Herbert W. Armstrong, founder of the Plain Truth, our predecessor magazine, prophesied exactly that.

The decline of democracy is no minor trend. It tends to precede violence.

The largest downward shift of all happened in America, with Australia, the United Kingdom and Spain close behind. This is particularly relevant for the United States, where polarized politics have split the nation in half. Rising dissatisfaction with democracy in the U.S. goes back to 2005. Trumpet editor in chief Gerald Flurry’s article “America Has Been ‘Fundamentally Transformed’” explains the threat posed by the radical left’s war against democracy.

The same turn against democracy was observed in other Anglo-Saxon countries, only slightly later than in the United States. Australia followed with a sharp increase a few years later. The steepest increase in dissatisfaction of all was seen in Britain in 2016.

Ironically, the nations where modern democratic principles were born and flourished first are the ones most discontented with democracy.

While the decline of democracy weakens America, it will have an opposite and even more deadly effect in Europe.

European politics are in a death-spiral toward strongman leadership. Rising discontent with democracy has fueled the rise of populists. Though this trend is evident from statistics alone, there is even stronger proof that Europe is headed in a dangerous direction.

In Daniel Unlocks Revelation, first published in 2005, Mr. Flurry writes, “Politics in Europe are going to shift dramatically to the right.” He wrote this in relation to a Bible prophecy found in Daniel 8. Describing a German leader who will come to power in the time immediately before Christ’s return, verse 23 states, “And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.” Mr. Flurry writes in detail about this prophecy in A Strong German Leader Is Imminent. He states, “This soon-coming ruler could literally be called a king. Even if he is not, the Bible gives him that label. When the Bible talks about a king, in most cases it’s saying that this is not a democratic government.”

Revelation 17:3 shows this man will be at the head of an undemocratic government based on a universal religion. A church (symbolized in the Bible by a woman) rides, or controls, the empire, symbolized by the beast. Throughout history, this church has been heavily involved with European unification. After World War ii, leaders of the Catholic Church embraced democracy as a means to preserve its relevance, because, as Jan-Werner Mueller wrote for Project Syndicate, “[a] religion that claims universal validity could not allow itself to become just another interest group among many.”

God will use this European power as “an instrument of correction upon the nations of Israel,” writes Mr. Flurry (see Isaiah 10:5). Israel mainly refers to the United States and Britain, along with the State of Israel (for a full explanation of these prophetic identities, request your free copy of The United States and Britain in Prophecy, by Herbert W. Armstrong). This correction on the nations of Israel comes to bring repentance of sins and turn them to God.

Democracy is losing its grip in Europe. Its decline will fundamentally change the world. For more information, order a free copy of A Strong German Leader Is Imminent.

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Europe vs. Donald Trump

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Impeachment Proceedings Have Deeply Damaged America

A person flies a U.S. flag upside down in Washington, D.C.
EVA HAMBACH/AFP via Getty Images

Impeachment Proceedings Have Deeply Damaged America

When people lose faith in government institutions, they start taking matters into their own hands.

For more than three years, Democrats have waged a “scorched-earth, no-holds-barred war of resistance” against United States President Donald Trump. First, it was the fabricated Clinton-Steele dossier that set off a 22-month Special Counsel investigation into unverified claims that Trump colluded with the Russians to rig the 2016 presidential election. Then it was the Senate Judiciary Committee into baseless accusations that President Trump’s Supreme Court nominee, Brett Kavanaugh, had sexually abused four women. And then it was the four-month impeachment investigation into hearsay that President Trump tried to bully the Ukrainian government into investigating the son of political rival Joe Biden.

In all of these cases, investigators were unable to find evidence of wrongdoing.

On February 5, the Senate acquitted President Trump of both articles of impeachment. On abuse of power, 47 Democratic-aligned senators and Utah Senator Mitt Romney voted that Mr. Trump was guilty, while the rest of the Senate found him innocent. On obstruction of Congress, all Democratic-aligned senators found Mr. Trump guilty, and all Republican senators found him innocent. Supreme Court Justice John Roberts announced the outcome: “Donald John Trump, president of the United States … is hereby acquitted.”

This acquittal ends the most recent legal assault against President Trump, but the damage inflicted on America will long remain. By divining intentions, calling on false witnesses, and relying on hearsay, Democrats have brought the standards for impeachment to a historic low and damaged people’s trust in federal law enforcement. This is shown by the fact that President Trump’s job approval ratings have risen 10 percent since impeachment proceedings began. According to Gallup, 49 percent of Americans approve of President Trump’s job performance, the highest percentage since he took office.

“The fbi’s malfeasance in the launch and handling of Crossfire Hurricane provides the starkest example of damage wrought without regard to the ramifications,” wrote senior contributor to the Federalist Margot Cleveland in “How Democrats’ Get-Trump Crusade Has Irreparably Damaged the Nation.” “Americans no longer trust the world’s premier law enforcement agency because of men like James Comey, Andrew McCabe and Peter Strzok, and women like Lisa Page. They no longer believe in equal justice under the law, or the integrity of sworn affidavits and judicially authorized surveillance.”

Impeachment proceedings have also shown U.S. adversaries how easy it is to sow division in America by feeding misinformation to political operatives. No one knows for sure whether Christopher Steele, the former British spy behind the dossier on President Trump’s ties to Russia, fabricated the salacious and unverified claims in his report, or whether Russian operatives fed them to him. But if Russia actually wanted to create political chaos in America, all it would have to do is write another such dossier. If America remains this divided, no president may be viewed as legitimate again.

America has been bitterly divided by lying politicians and corrupt bureaucrats that stop at nothing to sabotage the functioning of the executive branch. These people believe they are tearing down President Trump, but they are tearing down America’s constitutional system of government. In an environment where people lose faith in government institutions, they start taking matters into their own hands. Leftists join radical groups like Antifa and the Democratic Socialists of America, which want to replace, rewrite or ignore the Constitution. Those afraid of socialism buy guns, and in some cases join militias, in an attempt to defend themselves and their country.

Tensions are building, but protests and armed resistance are not real solutions. Government corruption and declining trust in its institutions are symptoms of a greater sickness in the nation. The Prophet Isaiah wrote about the spiritual sickness that besets a nation that turns away from God. “Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the Lord, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward. Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint” (Isaiah 1:4-5).

More and more Americans are realizing that the government is sick and the nation is faint, but too few are willing to consider what the Bible says about the root cause of this condition. God does not put the primary blame on political leaders the way many commentators do. In the end, America’s problems are correction from God to help people see their sins and repent. All Americans must come to realize that only Jesus Christ can solve the serious problems in their government!

For a deeper understanding of the spiritual dimension to America’s decline, read “America Has Been ‘Fundamentally Transformed,’” by editor in chief Gerald Flurry.

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Book Club: Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years | Meeting Three

Meeting 3, February 6, 2020, Chapters 12-19

[01:00] Growth in Solitude (5 minutes)

As a young man studying law and politics, Abraham Lincoln spent many hours in solitude. These hours were critical in preparing him to lead the nation with the power of his voice and the conviction of his purpose. Studying the Bible and its principles furnished him with a proper perspective on slavery and how to preserve the unity of the nation.

[06:30] A House Divided Cannot Stand (5 minutes)

Lincoln was living in a nation torn by the institution of slavery. In the spring of 1858, he delivered his famous “House Divided” speech. In it, he addressed the nation, saying, “In my opinion, [slavery] will not cease until a crisis shall have been reached, and passed. ‘A house divided against itself cannot stand.’ I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved—I do not expect the house to fall—but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other.”

Though many of his colleagues felt this paragraph too strong for the people, Abraham Lincoln delivered it confidently. His words resonated with the common man. Sandburg wrote, “What he had said was easy to say and to understand, a common-sense telling of what millions of anxious hearts wanted told.” Later in life, Lincoln was extremely proud of the “House Divided” speech. He once said, “If I had to draw a pen across my record and erase my whole life from sight, and I had one poor gift or choice left as to what I should save from the wreck, I should choose that speech [House Divided] and leave it to the world unerased.”

[11:00] Debating With Douglas (7 minutes)

In the summer of 1858, Abraham Lincoln and Democrat Senator Stephen Douglas engaged in seven robust debates. Although he lost his senatorial race with Douglas, it was during these hot summer debates that Lincoln gained a reputation as an effective speaker and a capable leader.

[18:40] The Substance of His Message (6 minutes)

Abraham Lincoln’s profound speeches were a product of his deep thinking. He mined the depths of what he studied, striving to always bottom out the subject. His level-headed wisdom and simplicity in speaking is what made him such an effective leader during one of America’s darkest hours.

[26:35] Open Discussion (13 minutes)

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