Israel heads for new elections as coalition moves to dissolve parliament

Israel’s prime minister, Naftali Bennett, said Monday he would move to dissolve Parliament and call for the country’s fifth election in three years, marking the end of the most diverse ruling coalition in Israel’s history.

Mr. Bennett said Foreign Minister Yair Lapid, a former news anchor turned centrist politician, would lead the country in the interim period, which could last several months. The two leaders, from opposite sides of the Israeli political spectrum, joined forces last year to oust then-Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The prospect of new elections gives Mr. Netanyahu, the country’s longest-serving prime minister, a fresh shot at regaining power.

The decision ends an unusual period in Israeli politics, when a coalition from the country’s center, right, left and an independent Arab party came together for the first time to form a government. The coalition is now poised to be among the shortest-lived in Israel’s history, after marking its first anniversary last week.

The deep ideological differences of the coalition’s eight parties created an unwieldy alliance. Members clashed over policies related to West Bank settlements, Palestinians and questions of religion and state. Controlling just 61 of 120 seats in Parliament from its outset, the coalition lost its majority in April after a lawmaker from Mr. Bennett’s party resigned.