Italy is currently experiencing its most alarming election campaign in decades. Recent days have reminded us how hatred, xenophobia and right-wing extremism are on the rise.
Almost every day, we see stories of ethnic abuse, gatherings of far-right groups and journalists being targeted by fascist groups such as CasaPound or Forza Nuova. And hard-left activists are being physically attacked by their opponents.
This is naturally generating a response from the more antagonistic movements on the left.
Didn’t fascism end in 1945? The truth is that in Europe — and not just in Italy — fascist ideologies never fully disappeared. They have also been able to survive because of post-war public amnesia.