Part 1: God Is a Family
There is no doctrine more mysterious than the belief that God is a trinity. Most people believe it. But no one can prove it. Doesn’t it seem strange that the most common belief among churchgoers today is not even mentioned in the Bible once? Look it up for yourself. You will not find the word trinity in your Bible. In 1 Thessalonians 5:21, God commands us to “prove all things.” Yet millions of people today believe God is a trinity without any scriptural proof whatsoever. Some even admit that you cannot prove it; that it was added by priests in the fourth century. Don’t believe men! Believe your Bible.
The late Herbert W. Armstrong, founder of the Worldwide Church of God, wrote in his book Mystery of the Ages: “The trinity doctrine limits God to a supposed three persons. It destroys the very gospel of Jesus Christ!” The gospel Jesus proclaimed revolves around family, as we shall see. In other words, Mr. Armstrong was saying that the trinity doctrine destroys the very Family of God.
Herbert W. Armstrong raised up the Worldwide Church of God (WCG) in 1934. Back then, it was called the Radio Church of God. Later the name was changed. One of the very foundational doctrines of the WCG, throughout Mr. Armstrong’s life, was the teaching that God is a Family.
In 1986, Mr. Armstrong died. Just days before he died, Mr. Armstrong appointed Joseph Tkach to succeed him as pastor general of the WCG. Over time, after Mr. Tkach took over in 1986, the WCG made numerous doctrinal changes, moving it in line with mainstream Christianity. One of the major shifts in doctrine was its rejection of the God Family teaching in favor of the popular trinitarian belief.
In this booklet, we will thoroughly prove that God is indeed a Family. But if that is true, what about the Holy Spirit? Where does it fit into all of this? Chapter 2 of this booklet will answer that.
In the Beginning
As Mr. Armstrong often did, we will begin in the first chapter of John. These verses actually predate the first verse in Genesis. Notice John 1:1-4: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him [the Word]; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men.”
Before the angels were created, before the universe or man were created, God and the Word existed. Two Personages are revealed in this earliest account in the Bible. There is no mention of the Holy Spirit!
The Word in John 1 is translated from the Greek word Logos and means “Spokesman.” Notice verse 14: “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.”
Here is what Mr. Armstrong wrote in Mystery of the Ages: “The Word, then, is a Personage who was made flesh—begotten by God, who through this later begettal became His Father. Yet at that prehistoric time of the first verse of John 1, the Word was not (yet) the Son of God. He divested himself of His glory as a spirit divinity to be begotten as a human person. He was made God’s Son, through being begotten or sired by God and born of the virgin Mary.” Remember this particular point made by Mr. Armstrong, because it is crucial in disproving what the WCG is now teaching about the Family of God. The Word was made the Son of God when He was begotten by God of the virgin Mary and later resurrected as the firstborn Son of God. Prior to that time, He was not the Son of God, nor was there in all actuality a Family of God—yet! Again, John 1:14 says that when the Word was made flesh, He was “begotten of the Father.” The Word became the Son!
Prior to becoming the Son, He was the Word. By Him, “all things were made” (verse 3). How did He create all things? Ephesians 3:9 says, “… God, who created all things by Jesus Christ.” So it is revealed that God is the Creator, but He created all things through the Word, or Spokesman, the one who became Jesus Christ.
From these verses in John, we see very clearly that before anything was created there were two Personages—God and the Word. They were not yet at this point Father and Son.
The Plain Truth About ‘Elohim’
Let’s now move forward in time sequence to Genesis 1:1: “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”
Let’s now see what Mr. Armstrong wrote concerning this verse: “This originally was written by Moses as God inspired him. Moses wrote in Hebrew. The Hebrew word translated ‘God’ is Elohim—a noun or name, plural in form, but normally singular in grammatical usage. It is the same sort of word as family, church, group—one family consisting of two or more members—one church composed of many members—one group of several persons. It is referring to precisely the same Persons, making up or composing the one God, as we found in John 1:1—the Word and God—and each of those two Persons is God” (ibid).
Mr. Armstrong went on to explain how God is now a Family consisting of God the Father and Jesus Christ the Son. Mr. Armstrong, however, did not say the word Elohim technically meant the “God Family,” because as we have already pointed out, they truly became the God Family when Jesus Christ was begotten of God and became the Son.
But it is with this word, Elohim, that the WCG tries to confuse yet another doctrine restored to the true Church by God through Mr. Armstrong. Dr. K. J. Stavrinides, a WCG scholar, wrote an article in the August 3, 1993, Worldwide News titled “Does Elohim Refer to a Family of Divine Beings?” In the conclusion of the article, Dr. Stavrinides said, “The attempt to make Elohim reflect a family of divine beings is not only impossible historically, linguistically and culturally; it is theologically wrong, and inappropriate in the discussion of the true God.”
As we have already seen, Mr. Armstrong did not say Elohim meant the God Family. He said it was “a noun or name, plural in form.” He said it was like the words family, church, group, etc.
Dr. Stavrinides says Elohim in Genesis 1:1 refers to a single deity. Why? Because, he says, “the voice of scholarship has been united on this point, that Elohim, when speaking of the Creator, refers to a single deity” (emphasis added throughout). I think it’s safe to say that the voice of scholarship also believes in the trinity doctrine. So it’s probably not too hard for Dr. Stavrinides to get scholars to support his theory.
But let’s notice what the Bible says. “And God [Elohim] said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness …” (Genesis 1:26). It is truly amazing that you could write on the subject of Elohim and cover Genesis 1:1 and at the same time not cover verse 26, which reveals and proves what Mr. Armstrong taught to be right!
How do we know there is more than one Personage? God said, “Let us”—more than one. How can we be sure? John said, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God …”—more than one. How can we be absolutely positive? Paul wrote, “… God, who created all things by Jesus Christ”—more than one! It was God the Father who created all things through Jesus Christ—who at that time was the Word, or Spokesman. There shouldn’t be any confusion over the words us and our in Genesis 1. It means there was more than one Being. In other words, two! One of the two, the Word, became flesh. The other one, God the Father, did not become flesh. They did not both, as one, somehow become flesh.
After Adam rebelled against God, notice what Elohim said: “And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever” (Genesis 3:22). Here, God not only says “us,” He says “one of us”! One of the “us” was God the Father and the other one of the “us” was the Word. Very simple. Think about it. If there was just one deity, why would one deity say to Himself, “ONE of us”?
What Mr. Armstrong proved on this subject of Elohim was that at the time of Genesis 1, there were two God Personages. He used scriptures like John 1:1-4 and Ephesians 3:9 to back this up. Even though the two Personages at the time of Genesis 1 were not yet Father and Son, we could say they were like a family because at that time they were the only two Beings in the God Kingdom. The two worked together in perfect harmony. And in order for God’s government to be properly administered, one had to be in charge. The one who became God the Father fulfilled this role. The Word, however, was also God (John 1:1), but not yet the Son of God. We might say He was like the Son at this point. But that doesn’t mean the word Elohim means family. It doesn’t. It’s a noun, plural in form, which means more than one.
As you begin to understand what else is revealed in the Bible about the one who became Jesus Christ, and more specifically about the ultimate potential of man, then the teaching that God is a Family becomes quite clear.
Father and Son
One of the most obvious proofs that God is a Family is repeated over and over in the New Testament. The word “son” is used 422 times in the New Testament alone. In at least half of those instances, the word is referring to Jesus Christ—the Son of God the Father. The word “father” is used 352 times in the New Testament and, in over 250 cases, it refers to God the Father. Father and Son—family!
Here is what Dr. Stavrinides wrote in the above-mentioned Worldwide News: “The names ‘Father’ and ‘Son’ do indicate a family relationship.” So he admitted that it does seem to indicate a family relationship. But, he said, “the error creeps into the concept when the relationship is understood in terms of separate beings.” He then went on to explain that, on the human level, a father and son are separate beings. He said, “[T]he father-son relationship is meaningful only in light of these limitations.” As for God the Father and Christ the Son, Dr. Stavrinides said, “it is a gross misunderstanding to think of God in such terms.” In other words, the terms “father” and “son” only have meaning in a relationship with limitations, according to Dr. Stavrinides. He reasoned that since God and the Son do not have limitations, they are not a family. And because of this he wrote, “[T]his is another way of saying that God is not a family (a word that has meaning only in the context of limited human beings).” Instead of being a proof that God is a Family, Dr. Stavrinides twists it around to say it’s a proof that God is not a family!
Again, we must go back to John 1. The first few verses reveal that there were two Personages, as we have already pointed out. Verse 14 says, “the Word was made flesh.” A little further in the verse it says, “and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father.” In other words, when the Word was “made flesh,” He became the Son! At this point, He was the begotten Son of God, not yet born. Notice Luke 1:35: “… that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.” When the Word became the Son, then obviously, God became the Father!
Here again is what Dr. Stavrinides wrote in the Worldwide News: “It is not true that the Son had a beginning.” That is directly opposite of what your Bible says. Jesus Christ became the Son. The Son had a beginning. Prior to being the Son, He was the Word, or Spokesman. In Hebrews 7:3 it refers to the one who became Jesus Christ as being “[w]ithout father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life ….” That is true. The Word lived in harmony with God for all eternity. Neither of them had a beginning. But read the rest of verse 3: “… but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.” The Son had a beginning at the precise time He was made a Son.
So in John 1:14 we see that the Word was made flesh. At the same time He was made flesh, He became the begotten Son of God. Later, in Hebrews 7:3, we see that the Word was made the Son of God. When did this occur? Romans 1:4 elaborates: “And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.” After His death, Jesus Christ was resurrected as the firstborn Son of God (Romans 8:29; Colossians 1:15).
Here is another amazing statement by Dr. Stavrinides: “It is not true … that the Father existed while the Son did not.” Again, keep in mind that these are all reasons why he thinks the Father-Son relationship does not mean family.
The Word was made flesh (John 1:14). In the flesh, Jesus was also God. He was God converted to flesh (1 Timothy 3:16). Hebrews 2:14 says, “Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he [Christ] also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy [annul] him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.”
The Word, one of the two God Personages, was made flesh so that He could die for us. Since He was the one through whom God created all things (Ephesians 3:9), His life was worth more than all other human beings combined. Therefore, the death of that God Being in the flesh made it possible for our sins to be forgiven. He paid the penalty for sins that have been repented of (Romans 6:23).
When Jesus died, He was in the grave three days and three nights (Matthew 12:40). Here is what Mr. Armstrong wrote in the March 1983 Good News: “Jesus died! Jesus was dead! And for three days and three nights the second person of the Godhead—Emmanuel—God with us—God made human flesh—was dead!”
Dr. Stavrinides said, “It is not true … that the Father existed while the Son did not.” The reason why he says this is because he has to in order for them to retain their belief that God is a trinity—three in one. He said, “The names ‘Father’ and ‘Son’ do indicate a family relationship …. The error creeps into the concept when the relationship is understood in terms of separate beings.” The WCG (renamed Grace Communion International) now believes that when Jesus died, it wasn’t really the death of a God Personage. Otherwise they would have to admit that God the Father died as well because, as they say, “God is one.”
Let’s continue quoting Mr. Armstrong: “God the Father did not cause Jesus Christ to get back into the body that had died. Some seem to believe that it was only the body that died—that Jesus Christ never died—that Christ was alive, and preached to ‘spirits in prison’ during the three days and nights His body was dead. What they believe is that a body Christ lived in died, but Christ Himself never died. Christ was God and, they argue, God could not die! They do not realize that Christ had given up His immortal life inherent in divine glory and been converted into human mortality for the purpose of death. If they are right, they are lost and doomed to eternal punishment! If Christ did not die for their sins—if it was only a mortal body that died—then we have no Savior, and are lost.”
The point Mr. Armstrong made was that the same God who made the Word flesh also raised Jesus Christ from the dead! Acts 13:30 says, “But God raised him from the dead.” If you haven’t noticed by now, in order for the WCG to accept the doctrine of the trinity, it has to change many doctrines! It has changed all of the most basic, sound beliefs Mr. Armstrong established.
All of this has everything to do with family; because when you really understand what Christ went through and how God raised Him from the dead, your mind can then be opened to the incredible potential God has for us!
Man’s Ultimate Potential
God begins to reveal our incredible potential in Genesis 1:26: “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness ….” In verse 21 we see that God created the birds after their kind. In verse 25 it says God made the beasts of the Earth after their kind, the cattle after their kind, and every thing that creeps upon the Earth after its kind.
Then in verse 26 we find the amazing revelation that man was made after the God kind! We were made in God’s likeness. In other words, we look like God. And more importantly, we were made in His image, which means God’s ultimate purpose is to build His character in us.
Mr. Tkach wrote in the Worldwide News that God “does not have a body” (Aug. 3, 1993). How would you go about explaining that belief to someone? You were created in His likeness and yet God doesn’t have a body? Do you have a body?
We know God is spirit (John 4:24) and we cannot see Him yet. But when we are resurrected as spirit we will see God as He is and find that He very definitely has a body! For an actual description of the resurrected, glorified Jesus Christ, read Revelation 1:13-16. These verses plainly reveal that God has a body.
We were created after God’s likeness and image. Hebrews 2 gives us added insight into our ultimate potential. Verse 5 says, “For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.” God didn’t give that opportunity to angels. He gave it to man, as the following verses make plain: “But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? Thou madest him a little lower [it should read, ‘for a little while lower’] than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not YET all things put under him” (verses 6-8).
Man’s ultimate potential is to inherit “all things”—the entire universe! We will inherit all things when we are actually born as members of the God Family.
Here’s how we can know for certain that we will inherit all things when we are born into God’s Family. Notice verse 10: “For it became him [Christ], for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.”
The Word became flesh in the form of Jesus Christ so that He might die to pay the penalty our sins have incurred upon us (verse 14). In doing so, Jesus became the “captain,” or pioneer, of our salvation. He was the first. “For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren” (Romans 8:29). Christ was the first, the captain, the pioneer, so that He might bring “many sons unto glory”! Christ was first, followed by the firstfruits (1 Corinthians 15:23).
Romans 8:14 says, “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.” Right now we are begotten children of God awaiting our change or resurrection. The same God who resurrected Jesus Christ will also resurrect us to immortal lives as spirit beings in the very God Family (1 Corinthians 15:52-53; 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17). God called Jesus Christ His Son and He calls us His sons—in other words, family! “Son” is not a term that God just carelessly throws around. Hebrews 1:5 says, “For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?” The angels aren’t “sons.” But He calls Jesus a Son. And He calls the firstfruits sons. “And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father” (Galatians 4:6). We can go to God our Father just as Jesus Christ did. The Bible is replete with evidence of a family relationship. The word trinity, on the other hand, is nowhere mentioned in the Bible—not even once!
What will we be like as sons of God? We’ve already quoted Romans 8:29, which says we will “be conformed to the image of his Son.” Yes, we were created in God’s image and likeness. God is reproducing Himself. That’s why we were created in His image and likeness (Genesis 1:26). Notice Philippians 3:21: “Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.” In God’s image and likeness—family! Human beings have bodies. God has a body.
1 John 3:2 states: “Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.” We are now begotten sons, but it does not yet appear what we shall be. But, as John wrote, when Christ returns, we shall be like Him—family!
The Family in Heaven
We have already read Romans 8:29 where it says Jesus Christ was the “firstborn among many brethren.” Christ was first. Many brethren are to follow after Him. The Greek word for “brethren” is adelphos. That word is used frequently throughout the New Testament. Thayer’s Lexicon says this about its usage in Romans 8:29: “Christians, as those who are destined to be exalted to the same heavenly [glory] … which he [Christ] enjoys.” Christ was born as a Son by a resurrection from the dead (Romans 1:4; Colossians 1:18). And we will be born as sons by that same process! God is a Family!
Paul had a lot to say about the God Family in the book of Ephesians. In chapter 2, verse 19, Paul writes, “Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God.” Those who have been called by God and begotten of His Holy Spirit have become part of the household of God. Paul used the same Greek word for “household” in 1 Timothy 5:8, only there he used it on the physical level saying that we ought to provide for our own “house.” Thayer’s defines that usage as, “belonging to a house or family, domestic, intimate: belonging to one’s household, related by blood, kindred.” It’s the same word used in Ephesians! Only it’s speaking of God’s house, not any man’s. God’s household will be made up of His Family! That Family, as Paul went on to write, is “built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; In whom all the building [or Church] fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord” (Ephesians 2:20-21).
Paul was a prisoner while writing this letter to the Ephesians (Ephesians 3:1). But God was still revealing amazing truths to him. Notice verse 3: “How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery ….” God was revealing mysteries to Paul. He goes on to say how the Gentiles are “fellowheirs” along with the rest in the Body (verse 6).
But heirs to what? Paul wrote in Romans 8:17, “And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.” We are children and joint-heirs with Christ, due to inherit what He did, if we remain faithful. Paul concludes the verse by saying we will be “glorified together.” Concerning that word glorified, Thayer’s Lexicon says, “to be exalted to the same glory to which Christ has been raised.” How plain! God is a Family into which we have an opportunity to be born!
The trinity doctrine doesn’t include any of us because it limits God to three. Satan can’t be in the God Family. He doesn’t want man to be there either. So he inspired the trinity doctrine, which teaches a closed Godhead.
Continuing in Ephesians 3, we see that Paul proceeds to reveal this mystery, “[w]hich in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men …” (verse 5). No, Paul wasn’t ashamed or embarrassed to admit that he had revealed truth that no one else before him knew about! Before Paul’s time, it was a mystery. “And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ” (verse 9).
In verse 11, Paul writes, “According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord.” That eternal purpose, as we shall see from the next few verses, is God reproducing Himself through the human race. Christ was only the firstborn of many brethren.
Paul discusses some of the trials he had to endure as a result of proclaiming this message. He wrote, “For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (verse 14). He bowed to God the Father, who, according to Paul, was the actual Father of Jesus Christ. And it is this same God, Paul writes in verse 15, “Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named.” God is a Family! This verse is especially amazing when compared to what Mr. Tkach wrote in the above-mentioned Worldwide News: “The idea of more than one being in a family or hierarchy of gods is condemned throughout the Scriptures.” Mr. Tkach says “family” is condemned throughout the Scriptures. Paul reveals that the very name “family” comes from God!
What Does ‘Family’ Mean?
Let us take a closer look at the Greek word for “family” just so there will not be any confusion or reason to doubt. The Greek word is patria. While the English word “family” is found only once in the New Testament (here in Ephesians), the Greek word patria is used three times. Thayer’s gives two definitions for patria: “1) lineage running back to the same progenitor, ancestry …; 2) a race or tribe, i.e. a group of families, all those who in a given people lay claim to a common origin.”
Patria is translated as “lineage” in Luke 2:4: “And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:).” Thayer’s says this about the use of patria in Luke 2:4: “belonging not only to the same ‘house’ as David, but to the very ‘family’ of David, descended from David himself.” Joseph was actually from the family, or lineage, of David.
The other two uses of patria are one found in Acts 3:25 and the one we have already read in Ephesians 3:15. Notice Acts 3:25: “Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.” Patria is translated as “kindreds.” For this verse, Thayer’s says, “family in a wider sense … nation, people.”
So there are three uses in the New Testament. One refers to the family of David (Luke 2:4), which includes all of those who actually descended from David himself. One refers to the family of Abraham (Acts 3:25), which includes all of those who actually descended from Abraham himself. And one refers to the Family of God (Ephesians 3:15), which includes all of those who actually descend from God Himself! A scholar will try to tell you that a physical family cannot be compared to a spiritual family because a physical family has limitations. Let there be no confusion. Ephesians 3:15 is speaking of an actual, literal Family of God that is made up of those who are begotten and later born into that Family by a resurrection from the dead. Can we now begin to see how many “holes” there are in the trinity doctrine?
The Marriage of the Lamb
Another obvious and most important point on this subject has to do with the marriage of Jesus Christ to the firstfruits. The trinity doctrine does away with the marriage of Jesus Christ because if there is no family, then there can’t very well be a marriage between a husband and wife. Yet the Bible once again is very clear on the subject of the marriage of the Lamb, or Jesus Christ.
Revelation 19:7 says, “Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.” The Lamb is Jesus Christ (John 1:29, 36). The Lamb is to be married to the Bride.
Paul makes it plain just who this wife is in Ephesians. “For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the body. Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing” (Ephesians 5:23-24).
The Church is to be made ready for this marriage. For what reason? “That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish” (verse 27; see also 2 Corinthians 11:2).
Then for those who still might be a little confused about what Paul is saying, he proceeds to make it even more plain. “For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church” (Ephesians 5:31-32). This is yet another part of the mystery Paul began to explain back in chapter 3, which we covered earlier. Paul is focusing on the marriage of Christ to the Church.
Notice Romans 7:4: “Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead ….”
How can some reason that Paul is talking about some sort of metaphorical marriage that won’t really take place and doesn’t really mean family? With that kind of reasoning, we might as well throw the Bible away! No, Paul’s main point was concerned with the spiritual marriage of Christ and the Church. But he uses the example of physical marriages to show that marriage is actually a God-plane relationship and pictures an event in the future which is far greater and much more fantastic than any physical marriage!
The Truth Becomes Plain
You have seen that the terms “Father” and “Son” are used hundreds of times in the New Testament alone. The terms “sons of God” and “children of God” are also found in the New Testament on numerous occasions. We have seen that the saints are called sons just as Christ is called the Son of God. We have seen that there is a husband-and-wife relationship between Jesus Christ and the Church, or the firstfruits. Father, Son, Husband, Bride, wife, children—these are all terms that denote family!